Feeding Management of Dry Cows

Dry cows are those, which are not producing milk. Most cows need a dry period between lactations. Very often dairy farmer neglects these animals, which causes decrease in the profit in due course of time. Following point must be considered for their management.


Score Evaluation Description of Animal
1 Very poor Animal emaciated, deep cavities under tail head, no muscle cover between pelvis and skin all the bones very prominent.
2 Poor Animal appears weak, cavity under tail head marked, deep depression is loin area, some muscle mass evident all over the body.
3 Moderate Shallow cavity in tail head region seen, slight fatty tissue also evident, Pelvis can be felt easily, depression in loin region still evident. Ends of transverse processes of lumber region can be palpated with some pressure.


In addition, following package of practices could be very useful for the control of mastitis in dairy herds.

  • Don’t allow to sit the animal after milking for 10-15 min
  • Add sufficient vitamin E in the ration
  • Adopt proper hygienic measures
  • Practice proper milking procedure
  • Follow dry cow therapy
  • Ensure quick diagnosis and appropriate therapy of affected animals during lactations
  • Segregate and cull chronic infected animals
  • Closely monitor udder health status using CMT, somatic cell count or any other simple criteria